Navarathri means nine days. These 9 contiguous days are dedicated for worship of Goddess Durga. It is also called Devi Navarathri or Durga pooja. Goddess Durga fought against the demon king Mahishasura and killed him on the end of 8th day. Hence we celebrate worshipping Goddess Durga these nine days and 10th day as Vijaya Dasami. Since Goddess Durga killed Mahishasura, she is also called as Mahishasura Mardhani. Devi killed many other demons like Shambu, Nisumbhu, Chanda, Munda, Rakhta beejudu etc… and has given joy, happiness, peace and tranquillity to the world.

Navarathri comes after rainy season, in the month of Aswayuja as per Hindu lunar calendar. The weather in this month is pleasant; moon light is crystal clear and bright, this is ideal for pooja and meditation.

Devi Bhagavata purana says that worshipping Goddess Durga in Navarathri gives good benefits which are effective throughout the year for the worshippers. As per Hindu mythology, the tradition of worshipping Devi during Navarathri days started from Kritayuga itself. Durga Devi is the embodiment of three Goddessess Saraswathi(Beej mantra – IM), Parvati(Hreem) and Lakshmi(Kleem) and she gives energy to Lord Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva in creation, survival and absorption respectively.

Devotees perform pooja to Durga devi with turmeric powder, Kumkuma and flowers. They prepare sweets for prasadam. During Navarthri devotees worship Goddess Durga in different forms and avatars. On 7th day (or on the day of “Moola naksthtra”) Durga is worshipped in the form of Saraswathi (Sarada devi) and is decorated with a beautiful white saree, mutyla haram, hamsa vahanam etc. Worshipping Sarada devi gives knowledge to the devotees.

The epics Ramayan , Mahabhratha and Bhagavata has narrated many good events happening on the day of Vijaya Dasami. Lord Rama killed Ravana on Vijaya Dasami; Pandvaas completed their Ajnathavasa (residing in disguise) on Vijaya Dasami day. While going to Ajnathavasa, Pandavas kept their arms on the SAMI VRIKSHA (Prosopis cineraria is the botanical name it is called Jammi in Telugu, Vanni in Tamil and it is national tree of UAE) a sacred tree and got their arms back after completion of Ajnathavasa. Since then, Sami tree is worshipped on Vijaya Dasami day along with the Goddess. Devotees write Sloka on a paper and keep it on the tree to eradicate their sins and hardships. Ayudha pooja (worshipping arms and ammunition) is also done on Vijaya Dasami day.


During Navarathri, people follow the tradition of keeping Golu (Koluvu) (keeping toys and dolls in a decorative way). These dolls are generally received from parents and will be passed to children as a tradition. During Navaratri people invite relatives and friends and celebrate by singing songs, giving fruits, sweets, other festive candies and gifts. This tradition inculcates a virtuous character of “giving to others and this tradition is to be continued forever. This tradition develops harmonious relations among us.

All these festivals we celebrate and the poojas we perform inculcate good habits of giving to others, respect each other, improve good relations with neighbours, friends and relatives ,brings happiness, peace, joy, tranquillity, develop devotion towards God and to continue our Sanathana Dharma. Goddess Durga Devi killed many demons. By worshipping her we will get the energy to fight against demonic qualities within us and continue the path of divinity.

 – Suryakumary

One Response to “Navarathri”

  1. Sanjai Athi Says:

    Dear Aunty,
    Thanks for a very good summary of Navarathri. Thanks for reminding why we do what we do. We have so many festivals to celebrate our togetherness with the Divine. Golu is lot of fun as well.

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